Simple homemade blacksmith
Hi, my little blacksmiths, today we will talk about the main part of the forge, that is, the horn. It is in it that the billet is heated to the required temperature before forging, quenching or other heat treatment operations. And our horn, by the way, is capable of producing up to 1100 degrees Celsius! We will use coal as fuel. The hearth will be simple both in production and in use.As for the fireclay, we breed it with sand 1: 1 and water. Knead the clay to the next state. You need to roll up a small ball, put it on one palm, and press the second one. Cracks should appear when it is squeezed in half. Chamotte clay is so cheap enough (I bought a package of forty kg for about 300 rubles), but in principle, ordinary clay can be found, which can be found, for example, near rivers. All the same, the fireclay will eventually crumble away from the temperatures, and the horn will have to be smeared again.
It will be needed to make a hearthSo we will need: Fire-resistant bricks. I used red and fireclay. Total need about 12 bricks.
- Fireclay refractory clay. You can find it in the hardware store, and it is usually used when laying stoves. I bought forty kg of chamotte three years ago, and this package will last me long enough.
- Steel pipe with a diameter of 2-6 cm.
- Construction sand.
- Steel plate, approximately 20 cm by 15 cm and 4-8 mm thick.
The lower chamberIt will circulate air as well as accumulate ash. A camera of eight red bricks is laid out in two rows. Moreover, in the second, it is necessary to leave a place under the pipe.The pipe is inserted at an angle, and all the gaps are covered with inside and outside chamotte.
Main cameraIt will be lined with just two fireclay bricks.I specifically made this horn narrow, because I have to work with long and narrow blanks. The width of the forge, as you understand, can be adjusted. All the gaps between the bricks need to be covered with chamotte so that the precious heat is kept as long as possible.
Using a hornTo ignite a horn, I use wood shavings, wood chips, or just paper. I set fire to them, pour coal on top and turn on the vacuum cleaner. Also, if your forge is in the open, the horn should be covered with something from the rain. I used the horn for melting non-ferrous metals - aluminum cans, brass sanitary faucets and even some coins (those that do not magnet are made of non-ferrous metals, such as brass). Nor, and of course forging. I had already managed to forge the tongs and several blades.
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