Advantages and disadvantages of a warm floor in the house
In modern conditions, the warm floor no longer needs any additional advertising: many people know about the existence of such systems, while they have long ceased to be a luxury, today every second one who thinks of installing repairs thinks about installing it.
This is really convenient: they can be used to heat entire rooms and rooms, while avoiding the need for additional heating devices. Their ability to warm up the floor surface evenly ensures comfortable conditions in the room: the insidious drafts will disappear in it, and the feet will always feel pleasant warmth.
Of course, as soon as the idea appears to install underfloor heating in your own apartment or house, many questions arise about the appropriateness of such an acquisition, as well as about the hassle associated with their installation. In addition, you need to choose which version of the specific models will suit you the most,because the installation of warm floors can involve completely different technologies, which affect both its usability and finances, which we will have to part with.
Such systems can be used both as additional heating of individual rooms and rooms, and as a main source of heat. So how to understand the existing types of warm floors, as well as choose the best option? We will help you figure it out.
What types of warm floors exist?
The first question that arises from an inexperienced buyer is, what kind of floor to choose? Specialists distinguish three basic types of structures, each of which has its own characteristics and important properties.
The most popular option is heating the floor surface, which is carried out by converting electrical energy into heat. The main heating element is an electrical cable, which according to a special technology is laid in a screed or tile glue, after which it is closed with a finishing floor surface, for example, a laminate or tile.
The cable is connected through a thermostat to the network, which allows you to adjust the heating temperature and turn the system on and off as required.
Electric heating can be carried out thanks to a single or twin cable, which necessarily fits into the screed (which is not always convenient) and necessarily raises the finishing surface by 4-5 cm. Installation of a twin cable is simpler than single core, besides, the latter have a much higher level of electromagnetic radiation .
Another option is to use a heating mat, which can be mounted without a tie. Externally, this design is a cable that was originally attached to the fiberglass. It is easily placed under the finishing floor covering, the whole installation can be made even by a person who does not have much experience in this matter.
Pluses of electric heating:
- The possibility of installing a heated floor in any premises without the use of additional equipment, such as, for example, in water systems.
- Equipped with a temperature controller that allows you to set the required level of heating, as well as save electricity.
- Ease of installation, independence from failures in the water supply system (with regard to water systems).
Minuses of electric heating:
- Sufficiently high energy costs (for example, on average 1m2 of floor heating leaves, on average, 100-150 W).
- The presence of electromagnetic radiation during operation. Of course, its low level is safe for human health, however, exposure is carried out regularly.
Water heated floor
It is a closed system of pipes that fit into the floor screed, after which it is connected to a central or autonomous heating system. It is the best option for heating large areas, such as country houses.
With the help of a special pump for metal-plastic pipes, hot water constantly circulates, which comes either from the central heating system (which is rare) or is warmed up with the help of independent home heating. Most often, water systems of warm floors are forbidden for installation in apartment buildings, as they can disrupt the heating system throughout the house.
However, they are a far more economical way to save up to 60% of energy, which is especially valuable when heating really large rooms.
The main advantage of such a system is the possibility of combining it with most modern types of flooring: tiles, linoleum, carpet, laminate and even wooden parquet.
But there are some drawbacks: this option is available for installation only in your home, moreover, the regulation of the heating temperature is severely limited even with independent heating, and with the central one it is completely impossible. As for security issues, there is also one delicate moment: if it is not possible to immediately detect the breakdown in the pipeline, then there is the risk of serious flooding.
Infrared warm floor
A relatively new species, which is just beginning to be actively put into operation, however, has already managed to acquire a large number of fans. Its main advantages: ease of installation and versatility of use. It can be laid in almost any place (starting from bathrooms and kitchens, finishing with external platforms and verandas) and for any kind of finishing covering.
It is a fairly economical heating option: it doesn’t heat the air and the whole room, but, first of all, the nearby surfaces and objects.
The installation of such a floor is easy and does not require any special professional knowledge, there is also no need to organize a screed, which is another undoubted advantage of the system. At failure, the work of a separate segment is usually disturbed, and the work of the general system, however, does not stop. Repair of such structures is quite simple and does not require serious interventions.
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