Alopecia - hair loss or how to deal with it?
Alopecia is a rare disease that causes a keen interest among scientists. Characterized by unexpected hair loss, which can lead to complete baldness. However, alopecia patients can also grow their hair as quickly as they lost it, but then again face the problem of loss.
Alopecia hair. Reasons
With alopecia, hair falls out in places that are needed. The hairy scalp is most often affected, but sometimes the body. Most men over 50 have signs of alopecia. There is androgenic, total and focal alopecia and other types. Alopecia is susceptible to both men and women, which can lead to psychological problems.
There are many reasons for the loss of mature hair, but the most frequent is endocrine disorders. Stress, taking certain medications, a postpartum condition and pregnancy, a lack of vitamin and unhealthy diet can cause hair loss at any age.
With the loss of growing hair should pay attention to the possibility of poisoning with arsenic, gold, thallium and boric acid. Antineoplastic drugs can also cause alopecia, as well as the effects of radiation therapy.
Brilliant and smooth areas on the head. Hair bulbs are absent. The most common reasons:
- Congenital malformations
- Infectious diseases
- Development of basal cell carcinoma
- Physical and chemical factors (high temperature, radiation and acids)
- Bladder disease
Treatment of cicatricial alopecia is possible only by surgery. If the balding spots are not large, they are removed or transplanted by healthy follicles.
Hair loss due to the malfunctioning of male hormones. Perhaps both men and women. In some cases, only fluff hair can remain on the head, which cannot cover the skin. After about 10 years, the follicles become overgrown with tissue, and bald patch appears.
- Incorrect adrenal gland function
- Ovarian disease
- Hyperplasia of the pituitary
- Taking such medicines as testosterone, steroids and progesterones.
The disease in most cases is inherited. Medicine offers drug and laser therapy for the treatment of alopecia.
Acquired disease, which is a rounded pockets of hair loss in different areas. May occur on the scalp, eyebrows, beard and body. The causes of this disease are not known.
Occurs due to chronic trauma to the scalp. It can occur due to the constant braiding of stiff braids and tails, pulling your own hair.
Treatment and diagnosis of alopecia
In most cases, people try to cure alopecia at home. In the course are popular methods and the "miracle" means of hair loss. At best, such agents do not harm and have a cosmetic effect. But the acquisition of unknown means of loss can lead to more negative consequences when baldness is no longer avoided.
At the first signs of alopecia, you should contact a dermatologist and trichologist. Only they can correctly diagnose the disease and prescribe the correct treatment.There are a huge number of drugs for the treatment of alopecia, but they can only be prescribed by a doctor, after ascertaining the cause of the disease.
Now the active method of treatment is transplantation. Fabrics with hair are transferred to the alopecia area. However, this method of treatment is very expensive.
Any disease requires timely assistance and mandatory treatment to a specialist. Take care of yourself and do not self-medicate.
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