Fetal hypoxia during pregnancy

By itself, the term "hypoxia" is a lack of oxygen. That is, fetal hypoxia is a consequence of the oxygen starvation of a child in the womb. The lack of vital gas leads to various changes that negatively affect the development of the fetus. If time does not take action, there are irreversible consequences.
Hypoxia can occur both in early pregnancy and at the time of delivery. The danger of lack of oxygen at the beginning of the term can lead to serious violations, since at this stage there is a laying and the formation of the main systems and organs of the child. The appearance of pathology in the later stages has a negative effect on the central nervous system and physical development. As a result, physical and mental abnormalities occur, the process of adaptation of the newborn slows down, etc.After the birth of such a baby, there is a violation of appetite, sleep, hypertonicity of muscle tissue, therefore, constant monitoring by a specialist in the field of neurology is necessary.
What leads to hypoxia? Oxygen is involved in many metabolic processes and is necessary for the normal functioning of the body. It should be noted that it transports hemoglobin, for the production of which requires iron. With a deficiency of iron or anemia, the amount of incoming oxygen is significantly reduced. This is one reason. The second reason is the deterioration of uteroplacental metabolism, which leads to malnutrition of the fetus. The most common negative factors are smoking and drinking alcohol. Tobacco smoke is able to penetrate the embryo through the placenta and cause asthma attacks.
The following diseases can also provoke the development of fetal hypoxia:
- diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- iron deficiency;
- respiratory diseases;
- strong nervous shocks;
- high water;
- multiple pregnancy;
- pathology of the placenta and umbilical cord;
- perenashivanie
- preeclampsia;
- intrauterine infections;
- congenital malformations;
- anomalies of labor and others.
As a rule, experienced doctors are reinsured and, if there is a possible danger, they place the pregnant woman in special control.When suspicion of fetal hypoxia appears, hospitalization is recommended for a complete examination of the body and ensuring rest. In this state, you can not attend a hot bath or sauna. Further treatment can be carried out at home with regular visits to the clinic. In the absence of positive dynamics in the third trimester, it is advisable to conduct a cesarean section, which increases the chances of having a normal baby.Such a decision is made for a period of at least 28 weeks, since by this time the baby’s body is fully formed.
To prevent hypoxia, a woman should lead a healthy lifestyle before planning a pregnancy, when carrying a fetus and during breastfeeding. A prerequisite is quitting smoking and alcohol. Also useful are regular walks in the fresh air, proper rest, balanced nutrition, which enriches the body with vitamins and useful microelements.

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