First aid for electric shock
Electrical shock classification
Electric shock depends on current strength, exposure time and level of skin resistance. When the first degree of the victim beat muscle cramps, consciousness remains. The injured person is frightened, feels tired and overwhelmed. All manifestations quickly pass and no resuscitation actions other than rest are required.
In the second degree, in addition to the symptoms described above, the person loses consciousness. At the third, incessant convulsions and some cardiac and respiratory disorders are added to everything. With the most severe fourth degree of electric shock, a person experiences clinical death. As a rule, this happens when struck by lightning or high-voltage current from 100mA.
Before giving first aid, you must:
1. Approach very small steps, not taking his feet off the ground;
2. Do not touch the injured exposed parts of the body, in particular, hands should be wrapped with a dry cloth or other insulating material;
3Contact only with his clothes, until you make sure that the current is stopped;
4. Remove the current source. This can be done by throwing away the bare wire with a dry stick or pulling the plug out of the socket. Or you need to drag the victim to a safe place.
1. Lay the victim on a flat surface, undo the top buttons so that there are no obstacles to breathing;
2. Place a roller rolled out of clothes under your neck to prevent the tongue from dropping down;
3. Give a smell of ammonia;
4. If a person is conscious, give heart drops (nitroglycerin, validol) to take anesthetic and sedative (an infusion of valerian or motherwort), plenty of drinks;
5. If breathing is impaired, attach an oxygen cushion; if there is no breath at all, perform artificial respiration;
6. When stopping cardiac activity, perform an indirect heart massage. Alternate it with mechanical ventilation.
7. If there is a second or higher degree of electrocution, the victim should be under the control of specialists for at least the first twenty-four hours because of the likelihood of a sharp deterioration in the patient's condition as a result of impaired blood supply to the heart. Therefore, if a person has lost consciousness, you need to insist on his hospitalization of a person, even if he feels well.
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