How to cope with a slight frostbite of the feet?
Winter is the perfect season. This is a time of warm blankets, hot tea and fun walks on frosty days. But there is this charm and the flip side of the coin. Sometimes, after spending a long time in the cold on the street, there can be such a nuisance as frostbite. In milder forms, it does not pose a threat to health, but requires knowledge of the necessary measures. But the severe cases - this is a serious injury, which requires urgent assistance from medical personnel.
Today we will tell you how to recognize frostbite of the feet, and what to do.
Such a dangerous cold
One of the most effective ways to avoid frostbite is to buy the right shoes. It should be such that you can freely move your toes - this will ensure the flow of blood.
Now let's deal with the main features that will help identify frostbite:
- What does this look like? Cyanosis appears on the skin against the dry surface of the skin.
- The sensitivity decreases, and when it warms, itching and tingling sensation, slight pain is possible.
- A slight swelling may appear.
- After some time, the skin may begin to peel off.
In this form of the problem, soft tissue does not suffer, and the skin regenerates on its own.
Even in spite of the easy form, frostbite can cause a lot of problems, especially if the first aid is rendered incorrectly. Prohibited measures:
- grinding with snow;
- use of hot water;
- alcohol consumption.
The first two methods can lead to serious damage to the skin, and the third, except for the detrimental effects on health, a sharp expansion and the same rapid subsequent spasm of blood vessels, will not work.
What is worth doing? The first place to hide from the cold in the room, remove shoes and socks. Further actions are aimed at warming the legs:
- Easy grinding. Such manipulations will help speed up blood circulation. This should be done very carefully, no pressing massage movements. They contribute to vascular damage.
- The water used for heating should be warm, but not hot. The temperature can be gradually increased in the process.
- Drinking hot drinks - tea, milk, herbal infusions, compote, broth.
If you have applied for medical care, then the doctor may prescribe you one or more procedures. In the mild stage, treatment usually includes:
- electric light baths;
- antiseptic dressings.
Among the popular methods you can also find several useful options. For external use:
- As compresses suitable calendula. 5-7 ml of alcohol tincture must be mixed with 0.5 liters of water. It is necessary to carry out procedures 2-3 times a day. Their duration should be 20 minutes.
- Rose oil is perfect for rubbing.
- If there is no skin damage, you can rub lemon or onion juice into the cold-affected areas for several days in a row.
Lemon must first roll on the table well, and then with a fork, scrolling it in the pulp, squeeze the juice. To get onion juice, you need to grate it, squeeze and drain the liquid.
Chamomile decoction will help to heal the frostbitten places quickly.
For oral administration:
- Ginger. He does an excellent job with improving blood circulation. To do this, fresh root is rubbed on a grater and taken in tsp, drinking water.
- Improve the overall condition will help infusion of viburnum. For this, the berries are poured with water, boiled for 10 minutes, allowed to stand, and drink three times a day for 150 ml.
A large number of medical and folk remedies will help to quickly recover the frostbitten areas. But still it is worth remembering the basic rules of security, because the problem is always easier to prevent.
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