How to shape the pepper?
Stage One - Removal of the Crown Bud
Until a certain point, the pepper grows in one stem, but when it reaches a height of 15-20 cm (depending on the variety), it begins to fork, forming several branches. At the site of branching, the first flower bud is formed, which vegetable growers call the crown one.
His for better branching and development of the bush should be removed.
Stage Two - Removal of Extra Shoots
Most often, the plants form in two or three shoots, leaving the strongest of those formed from a fork with a crown bud. The rest pinch - that is, cut off the point of growth, the top.
As a rule, by this time on the bush already formed 10-12 leaves. The remaining shoots of the first order are called skeletal, and they will form a bush.
Skeletal branches soon begin to branch in the same way as the main stem, forming a “fork” in the center of which a bud forms.
We do the same with such ramifications: leave the strongest shoot, and pinch the weak ones above the flower bud and the first leaf.
For reference. It is imperative to leave one leaf on the escaped shoot, as it feeds the ovary of the future fruit beneath it.
main stem (stem);
shoots of the first order;
shoots of the second order;
main skeletal branches.
With each subsequent branch, we act in the same way, pinching weak shoots over the first leaf.
At each branch, flower buds appear, and later the ovary. They are left, and those that grow in the internodes are removed. Only on one bush enough to leave 15-25 fruits.
Stage Three - Removal of Fruitless Shoots and Lower Leaves
Instructions for growing peppers recommends periodically inspect the growing bush and identify fruitless shoots, removing them. They are formed below the point where the main stem forks.
In the same place, it is necessary to remove leaves that do not participate in the nutrition of the ovaries, but shade the plantings and suck the juices from the plant.
Council Simultaneously with this event, remove damaged and diseased leaves from the bush, wherever they grow. The price of the issue is the health of the whole plant.
It is important to remember that the formation of ovaries, the growth and ripening of fruits depend primarily on the lighting of greenhouses.If the plant does not have enough light, even with abundant flowering, the fruit may not start.
Therefore, as it grows, it will be necessary to cut all the excess leaves:
The leaves on the main stem are cut when the fruits of the first brush reach technical ripeness (size and shape corresponding to the variety).
When the fruits grow on the second hand, leaves are removed, located under it.
Attention! You can cut no more than two leaves at a time!
Similarly, the leaves come under all the other ripening fruits. But the last removal should be done about six weeks before the end of the season and the final harvest. At this time, the plant should be left alone.
Stage four - prischipka skeletal branches
When a sufficient number of fruits form on a bush, pinching up the growth points on the main branches helps to accelerate their growth. The plant ceases to grow and to spend forces on new ovaries, completely directing them to the existing ones.
This process should also be carried out a month and a half before the expected end of the cultivation of pepper.
The formation of bushes should be considered at the stage of planting seedlings: the scheme of planting peppers in a greenhouse can seriously affect this process.In addition, it is desirable to consider the design of the trellis for tall varieties, in which each skeletal shoot is tied up separately.
If you do not ignore these important processes for the care of pepper, he will thank you for an excellent harvest.
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