Smoke-cold smoked do-it-yourself
It is almost impossible to buy qualitatively smoked fish or meat in a supermarket. To please your family and friends with real delicacies, it is worth making a cold-smoked smokehouse at your country site. Having adopted ready-made diagrams, blueprints, useful recommendations and using step-by-step instructions, it’s possible to carry out an oil lamp with your own hands. Also in the work on the smokehouse will help visual photos and videos. The main thing is to correlate all the hints with the existing conditions and correctly determine the dimensions of the structure.
Necessary materials and tools
To independently make a smoke generator, you will need the simplest materials and tools that can be freely purchased at any hardware store. First you need to decide on the material. Cold-smoked smokehouse can be built from:
- old fridge;
- wooden or metal barrel.
Lots of options! However, it is most advisable to make cold-smoked smokehouse of brick or planks. These are the most solid, durable and low-cost options smokehouse.
The work will require pipes and rods for the manufacture of the smoke chamber, where the products will be located.
Drawings smokehouse cold smoked
Before building a cold-smoked smokehouse, it’s worth making a design scheme and drawing. First you need to do the layout of the location of all fragments of the structure on the area around the block. It should be noted that the furnace from the smokehouse, in which products will be processed by smoke, should not be removed more than 2.5 meters.
It is recommended to place the device on a hill. It is better to equip the firebox a little under the slope.
There are many drawings of smokehouse, for example:
However, not only the dimensions are important, but also the relative position of the parts of the smokehouse. The drawing below will allow you to make a cold-smoked smokehouse with your own hands according to all the rules.
The chimney should be made in the ground. It digs to the place where the camera will be located under the food.The optimal parameters of the chimney are 25 x 25 cm in cross section. The finished smokehouse chimney should be weatherproof. Great for this:
- sheet iron;
- asbestos cement slate;
- other non-flammable material.
Smokehouse is located on the edge of the chimney. At the point where the smoke chamber and chimney will come into contact, it is necessary to install a filter. Its basis may be a grid or a grid with small cells. As for the chamber itself for meat, fish and other products, it can be formed from an ordinary metal barrel or a wooden box.
The diagram marked and the firebox. This structural element is based on the pit. Its optimal dimensions are 50 x 50 cm. You can make the furnace even more (up to 1 meter). Depth should be 1 meter. The bottom of the smokehouse smokehouse often lays a brick or stone. In this case, you need to work dry, refusing to use the solution. A sheet of iron is laid on top of the refractory brick or stone. The walls of the furnace can also be made of bricks planted on clay mortar.
Step by step instructions for creating a cold-smoked smokehouse
When the place on the site under the smokehouse is selected and the device drawing is created, you can start working. A qualitative smokehouse of cold smoking is performed in several steps. To avoid blunders in the process of manufacturing a smoke generator for smoking meat and other products will help step by step instructions with photos.
Step 1- Start the manufacture of smokehouse need to create a trench. Its depth should be 1.5-2 bayonet shovels. In this case, the trench for the chimney should be located slightly above the chamber of the furnace.
Step 2- When creating a pit for a smoke chamber, you need to consider that the smoke in it will be a little delayed. Already a few purified smoke will move up and enter the chamber with food. To smoke was correct, it is necessary to cement the floor in the furnace. In the chimney trench for the smoke generator you need to lay pipes. The diameter of the pipe must be large enough. This will allow several clean smoke coming from the hearth. Do not forget that it is the smoke that is saturated with carcinogenic substances, which, if the technology is not followed, are transferred to the cold-smoking smokehouse.
Step 3- Now the refractory bricks will need to lay out the top and walls of the combustion chamber.
This is the device that will serve as a cold-smoked smokehouse. It is from here that smoke will flow down the chimney to the products.
Step 4“Now the walls are laid out under the smoke chamber with bricks.” As a result, the structure should protrude slightly above the ground. On the furnace you need to attach the door, and it remains only to bury the chimney pipe, through which smoke flows from the hearth to the products. The earth above the pipe tightly compacted.
Step 5- Next you need to do the manufacture of the very frame of the cold-smoking smokehouse, where the incoming smoke will be processed products. The frame can be made of wooden bars.
Step 6- On the basis of the resulting smokehouse should be as densely packed plates. This will prevent the smoke coming in through the chimney.
Step 7- Next, you need to make a sloping roof for the future cold-smoked smokehouse.
Step 8- A door is hung on the structure that serves as a blank for a future cold-smoked smokehouse. You should also install a large and reliable bolt on it.Do not forget that in the roof you need to install a pipe of small diameter. With its help, the exhaust gases will be discharged to the outside. If this is not done, the products will be not only tasteless, but also very harmful.
The result was a small house - a cold-smoked smokehouse, in which you can make a variety of products with wood chips and smoke.
A few words about the smokehouse of brick or concrete blocks
If it is decided to build a smokehouse frame out of bricks or concrete blocks, then close attention will need to be paid to the creation of the roof so that the smoke does not go away and fulfill its task.
When creating a smoke-cured cold-smoked brick, it is better to make the roof soft. This option is easy to implement and budget. To implement such a solution, a small section beam is required. From it you will need to build a truss system. On it the suitable sheet material is laid out.
On a note! An excellent solution is OSB or moisture resistant plywood, on top of which flexible tiles will be installed.
Video: how to make a cold-smoked smokehouse with your own hands
It is not as difficult to make high-quality and functional cold-smoked smokehouse, in which smoke would lightly soak meat, fish or other products in its backyard territory. For smoked delicacies to build a smokehouse, you can use the proposed rollers.
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