The Kidney and Kidney Cancers | UCLA Urology
Surgical Options for Kidney Cancer
Sign Up for OurCancer Care and PreventionNewsletter
Thanks for signing up!You might also like these other newsletters:
Surgery is the most common treatment for people with kidney cancer. The type of surgery depends on the size and stage of the cancer, whether you have two kidneys, and whether cancer was found in both kidneys.
You and your surgeon can talk about the types of surgery and which may be right for you:
- Removing all of the kidney(): The surgeon removes the entire kidney along with the adrenal gland and some tissue around the kidney. Some lymph nodes in the area may also be removed.
- Removing part of the kidney(): The surgeon removes only the part of the kidney that contains the tumor. People with a kidney tumor that is smaller than a tennis ball may choose this type of surgery.
There are two approaches for removing the kidney. The surgeon may remove the tumor by making a large incision into your body (open surgery). Or the surgeon may remove the tumor by making small incisions (). The surgeon sees inside your abdomen with a thin, lighted tube (a ) placed inside a small incision. Sometimes a robot is used. The surgeon uses handles below a computer display to control the robot's arms.
The surgeon may use other methods of destroying the cancer in the kidney. For people who have a tumor smaller than 4 centimeters and who can't have surgery to remove part of the kidney because of other health problems, the surgeon may suggest:
- : The surgeon inserts a tool through a small incision or directly through the skin into the tumor. The tool freezes and kills the kidney tumor.
- : The surgeon inserts a special probe directly through the skin or through a small incision into the tumor. The probe contains tiny electrodes that kill the kidney cancer cells with heat.
It takes time to heal after surgery, and the time needed to recover is different for each person. It's common to feel weak or tired for a while.
Also, you may have pain or discomfort for the first few days. Medicine can help control your pain. Before surgery, you should discuss the plan for pain relief with your doctor or nurse. After surgery, your doctor can adjust the plan if you need more pain control.
Your health care team will watch you for signs of bleeding, infection, or other problems. They will keep track of how much fluid you take in and how much urine passes out of your body.
If one kidney is removed, the remaining kidney is usually able to do the work of both kidneys. However, if your remaining kidney isn't doing a good job cleaning your blood, you may need . Some people may need a with a healthy kidney from a donor.
Video: Safely delaying surgery for kidney cancer
Amy Winehouse’s Back to Black dress to be auctioned
Nail polish remover: 20 of the best
Katie Holmes gives first interview since Tom Cruise divorce
10 Early Signs You Might Be Pregnant
How to Evaluate Damages After a Car Accident
3 Ways to Wear Pearls
5 Celebrity Hairstyles That Shouldn’t Have Worked But Did
How to Survive IB Diploma While Avoiding Maximum Stress
15 Baked Oatmeal Recipes for a Flat Belly
How to Pass a Foreign Language Class