What are the beneficial properties of propolis?

Propolis is a fragrant natural substance with a persistent and pleasant balsamic smell. It has the aroma of honey and wax, poplar and birch buds. Bees collect resinous substance, which is a protective excretion of plants from buds, young branches and leaves of poplar, birch, aspen, willow, chestnut, alder and other trees, carried on their legs as well as pollen. In the hive, they treat it with the secret of the jaw glands, adding to the resulting mass wax in a ratio of 2: 1 (58–60% plant resin about 25–30% wax) and pollen. Bees use the mixture to gloss over the gaps, glue various parts of the hive, lacquer its internal walls, strengthen the combs, and also polish the cells. With the help of propolis, bees narrow the entrance to the hive, if it is too wide and difficult to guard, and also preparing for wintering. Bee glue ensures the water resistance of the hive, its purity and sterility. To create a bactericidal atmosphere in the hive just enough 20-30 g of propolis.It protects the bee family, living in large crowds, from viruses, fungi and bacteria. It has been observed that there are no microorganisms on the body of bees that are constantly in contact with propolis.
Beekeepers collect propolis, scraping it from the walls of the hives and frames, which are attached to the honeycomb. On average, from one hive you can get up to 100 g of a substance. Freshly collected propolis is soft and elastic, like plasticine. Over time, it hardens, but does not lose its beneficial properties. The taste of propolis is bitter and slightly burning.
The healing properties of "black wax", as propolis is called by the people, were known during the times of ancient Egypt. There it was used not only for medicinal purposes, but also for embalming mummies. In the XIX century, it was discovered that the beehive was almost sterile thanks to propolis. This natural antibiotic acts on a wide range of bacteria and viruses, including tuberculosis and E. coli, candida, trichomonas, viruses of hepatitis and influenza. When taken simultaneously with antibiotics, except for chloramphenicol and penicillin, the bactericidal effect of drugs increases. Propolis not only contributes to the death of pathogens, but also to the elimination of their breakdown products from the body.
Alcoholic tincture of propolis is used as an anesthetic for stomach injuries, gum disease, otitis, burns, for the treatment of frostbite and wounds. This tool is suitable for both external and internal use. Propolis relieves pain within 5-10 minutes after ingestion and this effect can last up to 2 hours. It is an amazing property of propolis to regulate blood coagulation processes, therefore it is indicated as a prophylactic agent after heart attacks, strokes and for the treatment of varicose veins. It is also used for frequent bleeding from the nose and gums, for cuts, wounds, bruises. Propolis tends to enhance the absorption of drugs through the skin. With it, suppurations and abscesses dissolve faster. It is also used for itching for psoriasis, insect bites and burns.
Propolis is known as the strongest antioxidant. It improves cellular respiration and limits the growth of tumors. Propolis also has a beneficial effect on the digestive system. It is prescribed for colitis and enterocolitis, systematic constipation, and in high concentration it can stop diarrhea.

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